Wednesday, October 12, 2011
Three Orchids on the Goat Mountain Trail
I am way behind in blog posts, but I guess that gives me something to do over the winter months when there's not much hiking to be done. This post, then, goes back to the beginning of August, August 5th, to be exact. That afternoon for a few hours a friend and I went to do some hiking on the Goat Mountain trail in Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest.
We did not go far enough on the trail - did not have enough time - to get out of the trees and into areas where we could view and photograph the surrounding mountains. We did see some interesting plants and wildflowers, however, and that is going to be the main subject of this post, though the light was not very good and photography was difficult.
The plants we saw, all under rather heavy forest cover, were primarily saprophytes. That name is no longer in common use as a result of further research on these plants, but I cannot remember what they are now called. These are plants without chlorophyll, leafless, and living off decayed matter in the soil through a sympiotic relationship with soil fungi.
One of these plants that seemed to be everywhere was Monotropa uniflora, Indian Pipes, also known as the Ghost Plant or Corpse Plant for obvious reasons. We also saw two saprophytic orchids, both Coralroots, though one of them was finished blooming. They were the Spotted Coralroot, Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata and the Early Coralroot, Corallorhiza trifida.
The Early Coralroot was finished blooming, but there were many nice clumps of them that we will have to go back and see next year when they are still blooming. We did see one other orchid in bloom that is not a saprophyte, however, the everywhere present Listera banksiana, the Northern Twayblade. I did not get the best pictures of it, so this will have to do.
One other plant, blooming everywhere, especially in damper areas, was the Long-tailed Ginger, Asarum caudatum. Unless you are looking for it or know what you are seeing, its flowers are not usually noticed since they lie on the ground under the leaves. Seeing them is always a treat since their color, long tails and unique shape are unmatched.